Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) are considered to be one of the nation’s leading health problems. SUDs are the first (tobacco), third (alcohol), and ninth (illicit drugs) leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States (Mokdad, Marks, Stroup, Gerberding, 2004).
Given the incidence and prevalence of substance use ranging from risky use through diagnostic disorders, SUD prevention, intervention, and treatment have become important areas of public health and medicine. There is a clear need for increased vigilance and surveillance by health care providers of risky substance use and SUDs. Yet, healthcare researchers have observed that there are many individual, environmental, and systemic barriers to detecting risky substance use and SUDs in the health care providers’ respective settings.