The end of balance billing?

The federal No Surprises Act (the Act), which was signed into law Dec. 27, 2020, as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021, ensured that all Americans had protection from surprise medical billing/balance billing when using out-of-network providers or facilities under certain circumstances. On July 1, 2021, the Biden administration released a series of […]

COVID-19 updates: Boosters and variants

As we enter a new era of the COVID-19 pandemic, the benefits of a vaccine booster at this time remain uncertain. The mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) usually result in creating high antibody titers for at least six months in immunocompetent hosts. After that, it appears that the antibody titer may start to wane. However, […]


Since the dawn of time, once humans acquired the gift of speech, they have felt the need to name everything and everyone in their immediate world. While doing research for an Osher course I am teaching on ancient historians, I learned that the Romans used three names for most people. The first was the praenomen […]